Automotive glass is a remarkable material. This fascinating material has to go up against the environment and its forces in order to keep you safe. It is manufactured in a special and particular way so that it provides maximum safety and security to you and your automobile. So why is automotive glass so special?Automotive glass is made in two different ways depending on where it is placed in the car. Your windshield is made out of what is known as laminated glass. It goes through a meticulous design process to ensure that it is secure and resistant to its environment.It is made through a combination of two pieces of glass that are fitted on either side to a substance known as polyvinyl butyral or PVB. Once the laminated glass sandwich has been arranged it is completely sealed with pressure rollers and then continually heated. This process allows the PVB to be mechanically and chemically bonded to the glass.This layer of polyvinyl butyral is what makes auto glass stronger. The bonding process of PVB to the glass means your windshield is much more resistant to impact damage because the PVB absorbs the transfer of energy. It also improves the visibility and clarity of the glass by deflecting up to 95% of the ultraviolet rays that strike your auto glass.The innovative and secure design of laminated auto glass means it performs two absolutely vital tasks for your automobile. First, it allows for the safe and correct deployment of the safety airbag on the passenger’s side of the car. Unlike the driver’s side airbag, the passenger’s airbag will collide with the windshield when it is deployed. The laminated glass withstands the forces of collision with an unbelievably fast and powerful airbag in order to protect the passenger.Another vital job for the laminated glass windshield to perform is adding strength and durability to the roof of your automobile. In the event of immense pressure being thrust on the roof of your car, the windshield contributes a considerable amount of strength to prevent the roof from caving in and harming the occupants of the car. Without this support, the roof is a much higher risk of severely buckling and injuring the driver and passengers. It also provides more obvious functions like wind resistance, light deflection and preventing occupants from being ejected from the vehicle in a crashWhen you consider the constant stress and demand that your automotive windshield is under, it becomes apparent just how important it is to repair or replacement your windshield if it becomes damaged. If you notice a crack or chip in your windshield, then you should seek the help of auto glass repair and replacement professionals.They will be able to assess the damage done to your windshield and give you advice on the best solution available to fix the problem. Automotive glass repair is considerably cheaper and less time-consuming than automotive glass replacement, so the earlier you deal with the problem the better.
With the development of technology and the upper middle classes rising the economic a ladder every day, it has become a fashion to acquire top grade tools in order to make life easier and more comfortable than what it is without their application and usage. The fact that one must bear in mind prior to the purchase of tools, is of its utility and function. Just to cite an example, if one requires the internet and other fundamental work to be done on ones computer, and then it is inessential to purchase one that has the capacity of driving 3G games. The same example can be applied when ones purchases a simple or complicated tool as well. It is a waste of money if ones spends cash o the purchase of high -tech tools when what one requires it is for regular everyday, simple tasks.There are different varieties of automotive tools and one can take ones pick to suite one requirements. There are innumerable brands as well. It depends on ones preference and one budget to decide the brand. The same tool of different brands will cost differently. These tools can be purchased from the distribution trucks and vans that make a visit to the automotive workshops. However, there is a easier way of purchasing them as well and that is through the use of the internet. All the companies dealing with the buy and sell of automotive tools have their website which individuals can visit in their own leisure time and make a booking of the tool.The online version gives a wide display of the different varieties of the tools available in the market along with their price range.The topmost brand that excels in the automotive tool section is the company named Snap-on. They are remarkable fir their quality and reliability. They come with a warranty periods. Within this warranty period, any damage occurring to the tools is mended without the shelling out of extra cash. However, since Snap-on automotive tools come with a high price that lies beyond the ordinary citizens to afford there are other companies as well that deal with quality automotive tools. These companies include Corbell, Matco and MAC.Then there s third category of automotive tools for the budget conscious individuals. The brands that come under this category are SK and Craftsmanship. They are cheaper bit manufactured with the same technologies as the other brands mentioned above. These brands are a perfect choice for those who want to use automotive tools for very simple, everyday tasks. They come with the same advantages as the other brands and are available online as well, as offline, which are the automotive stores.Thus there are three categories of brands. The first, Snap- one is the topmost quality but coming with a very high price. The second comes on a cheaper level but is purchased by those to whom quality is still a fundamental requirement. The third category is for those who want to use automotive tools for semi professional reasons. Hence, it is important to have the knowledge of ones requirement prior to the actual purchase of any automotive tool.
Supply Chain Management (SCM) as defined by Tom McGuffog is “Maximising added value and reducing total cost across the entire trading process through focusing on speed and certainty of response to the market.” Due to globalization and ICT, SCM has become a tool for companies to compete effectively either at a local level or at a global scale. SCM has become a necessity especially for manufacturing industry when it comes to deliver products at a competitive cost and at a higher quality than their competitors. Here are some of the reason SCM has become important to today’s manufacturing industry:-Competitive Edge through Core CompetenciesToday’s business climate has rapidly changed and has become more competitive as ever in nature. Businesses now not only need to operate at a lower cost to compete, it must also develop its own core competencies to distinguish itself from competitors and stand out in the market. In creating the competitive edge, companies need to divert its resources to focus on what they do best and outsource the process and task that is not important to the overall objective of the company. SCM has allowed company to rethink their entire operation and restructure it so that they can focus on its core competencies and outsource processes that are not within the core competencies of the company. Due to the current competitive market, it is the only way for a company to survive. The strategy on applying SCM will not only impact their market positioning but also strategic decision on choosing the right partners, resources and manpower. By focusing on core competencies also will allow the company to create niches and specialization of core areas. As stated in the Blue Ocean Strategy outlined by Chan Kim, in order to create a niche for competitive advantage, companies must look at the big picture of the whole process, and figuring out which process can be reduce, eliminate, raise and create.As an example stated by Chan Kim, the Japanese automotive industries capitalise on its resources to build small and efficient cars. The Japanese automotive industries gain competitive edge by utilising their supply chain to maximise their core competencies and position itself in a niche market. The strategy works and now Toyota Motor Corporation, a Japanese company, is considered to be the number one auto car maker in the world beating Ford and General Motors of the United States.Value AdvantageSCM has allowed business nowadays to not just have productivity advantage alone but also on value advantage. As Martin Christopher in his book, Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Strategies for Reducing Cost and Improving Service’ states, ‘Productivity advantage gives a lower cost profile and the value advantage gives the product or offering a differential ‘plus’ over competitive offerings.’ Through maximizing added value and also reduce the cost in the same time, more innovation can be added to the product and process. Mass manufacturing offers productivity advantage but through effective supply chain management, mass customization can be achieved. With mass customization, customers are given the value advantage through flexible manufacturing and customized adaptation. Product life cycles also can be improved through effective use of SCM. Value advantage also changes the norm of traditional offerings that is ‘one-size-fits-all.’ Through SCM, the more accepted offerings by the industry to the consumers would be a variety of products catered to different market segments and customers preferences.As an example, the Toyota Production System practiced in Toyota, evaluates its supply chain and determines what is value added activities and what is not value added activities. Non added value activities are considered to be ‘Muda’ or waste and therefore must be eliminated. Such non added value activities are overproduction, waiting, unnecessary transport, over processing, excess inventory, unnecessary movement, defects and unused employee creativity. The steps taken to eliminate waste are through Kaizen, Kanban, Just-in-time and also push-pull production to meet actual customer’s demands. The Toyota Production System revolutionise the Supply Chain Management towards becoming a leaner supply chain system that is more agile and flexible towards meeting the end users demands.